Minecraft: The History

Minecraft is a sandbox indie game originally created by Swedish programmer Markus "Noth Pearson and later developed and published by Mojang. It was publicly released for the PC on May 17, 2009, as a developmental alpha version and, after gradual updates, was published as a full release version on November 18, 2011. A version for Android was released a month earlier on October 7, and an iOS version was released on November 17, 2011. On May 9, 2012, the game was released on Xbox 360 as an Xbox live arcade game, as well as on the Playstation 3 on December 17, 2013. Both console editions are being co-developed by 4J Studio. All versions of Minecraft receive periodic updates.

The creative and building aspects of Minecraft allow players to build constructions out of textured cubes in a 3D proceded world. Other activities in the game include exploration, gathering resources, crafting, and combat. Gameplay in its commercial release has four principal modes:

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  • Survival mode, which requires players to acquire resources and maintain their health and hunger
  • Creative Mode, where players have an unlimited supply of resources and experience, the ability to fly, unlimited health and no hunger.
  • Hardcore Mode is a version of survival mode, differing only in difficulty; it is set to the most difficult setting and respawning is disabled, forcing players to delete their worlds upon death.
  • Spectator Mode, where the player does not collide with blocks, and is able to view, but not interact with, almost everything. This game mode is not available in released versions yet, only in snapshots.

Minecraft received five awards from the 2011 Game Developers Conference: it was awarded the Innovation Award, Best Downloadable Game Award, and the Best Debut Game Award from the Game Developers Choice; and the Audience Award, as well as the Seumas McNally Grand Prize, from the Independence Game Festival in 2011. In 2012, Minecraft was awarded a Golden Joystick Award in the category Best Downloadable Game. As of June 25, 2014, the game has sold over 12 million copies on Xbox 360, 15 million copies on PC and nearly 54 million copies across all platforms.